Actual Legal Aspects of Managing the Cod Fishery in the Northern Regions

Pavlova S.A. &Pavlov I.E.

Abstract

In the practice of fishing in the Northern regions, cod is of the greatest interest, since it is a most valuable object that is in high demand, both in the domestic and international markets. Regulation of fishing is carried out on the basis of the rules of law of the Russian Federation and international treaties. The development of the regulatory framework for the settlement of the relationship between people and natural resources should be subject to environmental priorities. The federal legislation of the Russian Federation provides legal regulation of environmental activities. Fishing for aquatic biological resources is regulated by the Federal Law of December 20, 2004 № 166-ФЗ “On fisheries and the conservation of aquatic biological resources”. Aquatic biological resources can be considered from the perspective of strategic food resources. Therefore, it is necessary to study in more detail the issues of legal regulation of their production, protection and rational use. At the same time, international aspects are of great importance. In this regard, it is necessary not only to develop international legal regulation of fishing, but also to monitor the implementation of accepted international agreements. On the example of regulation of the international fishing of cod, a mechanism of cooperation and interaction between Russia and Norway has been developed. It has been used for a long time and its experience should be used more widely.