A Study on the Resource-Use Efficiency in Unirrigated Maize Cultivation

DR. C. Sundarapandian

Abstract

A measure assures regular income to the maize cultivators, regular supply of feed to the poultry industry and other industries which in turn, offers opportunities of employment to the skilled and unskilled workers. There is an urgent need to promote maize on priority basis by implementing maize development programme on “mission mode approach”. The respondents of Maize cultivators has selected from Dindigul district of Tamil Nadu (300 samples). Resources are scarce and have alternative uses as well. In order to study resource use efficiency, that is, how resources are used in unirrigated maize cultivation, production function analysis was adopted. The Gross Average Physical Productivity of labour for small farmers was found to be lower than that of the other two categories (large and total) of farmers cultivating maize under unirrigated conditions in the study area. In unirrigated maize cultivation, positive relationship between farm size and productivity was observed in the study area. The Gross Average Value Productivity of labour and the Residual Average Labour Productivity have been found to be higher in the case of total farmers cultivating maize under unirrigated conditions. The analysis shows that the Gross Average Value Productivity of capital and the Residual Average Capital Productivity have been lower for large farmers cultivating maize under unirrigated conditions. An analysis of resource use efficiency in unirrigated maize cultivation in respect of small, large and total farmers distinctively shows excessive use of all the resources by the all the farmers in the study area.